Families lay the foundations for a feeling of security. At its best, the family is the base from which the child learns to face and cope with the anxieties of life.
Apart from home, school is the single most important place in the lives of most children. Their experience of school will play a vital part in their lives and will determine their academic, social and, probably, their occupational future. The reception year is crucial. Research shows that there is a continuous link between the progress that children make in their first year in school. Schools carry on from families, both in setting challenges, and in providing ways – different from those learnt at home – for managing difficulties.
With the rhythm of the school year – periods spent at school interspersed with holidays – children have to adjust to beginnings and endings, and the feelings these evoke. Memories of other changes and losses may be stirred up.